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Types of Roofs

ASPHALT (Composition) SHINGLES are the most popular roofing material in the U.S. The mass production, relatively low application cost and comparable life expectancies of asphalt shingles provide consumers with an overall value that’s tough for other roofing materials to match. Asphalt shingles carry Class A, B or C fire ratings, with Class A providing the greatest fire resistance. In addition, many asphalt shingles carrying a “wind resistance” label indicating that they have been manufactured and tested to demonstrate acceptable resistance in high-wind locations.”

Asphalt shingles can be reinforced with either organic or fiberglass materials. A shingle’s reinforcement will have little effect on its appearance. Both organic and fiberglass products are available in laminated (architectural) grades that offer a textured appearance. Zinc granules also can be applied to either organic or fiberglass products to protect against algae (fungus) attack, a common problem in hot and humid parts of the country. Both types of shingles are also available in a variety of colors and have warranties up to 20, 30, 40 or 50 years.


METAL has been primarily used in commercial roofing, but many homeowners have chosen this material for its durability, longevity, aesthetics, low-maintenance and resistance to fire, wind and adverse weather. There are two types of metal roofing products: panels and shingles. Metal shingles typically are intended to simulate traditional roof coverings such as wood shakes, shingles and tile. It is a lightweight material that will not decompose and come in a variety of styles and colors. Metal roofs are known to be great insulators and can help reduce energy bills. Metal is an expensive roofing material that comes with a 30 year, 50 year or lifetime warrantee. A common drawback of metal is denting.


SLATE is considered indestructible but usually more expensive than other roofing materials. It comes in different colors and grades, depending on where it was quarried – Vermont, New York, Virginia, Pennsylvania, or Canada. Most slate roofs have warranties up to 50 years. Many homes in the Northeast are still protected by this highly durable roofing product. Manmade, alternative slate roofing materials are also available. They are designed to be lightweight, resistant to moisture and adverse weather. They come in a palette of colors and look virtually like real slate. They have Class A fire ratings and are typically warranteed up to 50 years.



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For further information on various roofing materials, PLEASE VISIT THE LINKS BELOW:


TILE (clay or concrete) is a durable but fairly expensive roofing material. Tile comes in a vast array of styles, colors and finishes. “Mission-style” and “Spanish” round-topped tiles are widely used in the Southwest and Florida, and flat styles also are available to create French and English looks. Most tile roofs are capable of withstand- ing fire, wind, hail, earthquakes, snow, intense heat. This resilience enables tile manufacturers to offer limited lifetime warranties. Although tile is typically very heavy and your house may require extra structural reinforcement to support the load, there are lightweight alternatives that look and perform like the real thing.


WOOD SHINGLES AND SHAKES are made from cedar, southern pine redwood and other woods. Shingles are machine-sawn; shakes are hand-hewn and rougher looking. Their natural look and rustic charm are popular in California, the Northwest, and parts of the Midwest. Fire preservative treatment is available for brush fire prone dry belts as well as multi-family and commercial applications. Most wood roofs are covered by warranties, whether natural, preserved, or fire treated. Some local codes limit their use since they have a UL fire rating of Class B or C or none at all. There are synthetic alternatives that are made to look like real wood but are much more durable and able to withstand extreme weather conditions, have Class A fire rating, and come in a variety of colors and patterns. They also have warranties up to 50 years.

www.metalroofing.com

www.ntrma.org

www.asphaltroofing.org

www.cedarbureau.org

www.premierslate.com

www.sweets.construction.com

Owens Corning - Metal, Tile, Slate Roofs

GAF - Asphalt Shakes and Shingles

CertainTeed - Asphalt shakes and shingles

Boral USA - Clay Tiles

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